Importance of protein in our body and protein rich foods

Protein is one of the important parts of the human body. Protein has a large number of functions in the human body Therefore it is an essential substance found in every cell of the human body. Proteins are constructed from a set of twenty amino acids linked to form polypeptide chains. Polypeptide chains that form distinct 3-dimensional shapes constitute a protein Protein is the most abundant substance in our body and in fact, the human body is about 40-44% protein

This protein is manufactured by our body utilizing the dietary protein we consume. It’s an essential macromolecule without which our bodies would be unable to repair, regulate, or protect themselves also It is used in many vital processes and thus needs to be consistently replaced  We can achieve this by regularly consuming foods that contain protein.

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Here are the top 5 functions of proteins in the human body:

  • Enzymes– are proteins that facilitate biochemical reactions. Enzymes are proteins that increase the rate of chemical reactions in the body. In fact, most of the necessary chemical reactions in the body would not efficiently proceed without enzymes They are often referred to as catalysts because they speed up chemical reactions. Examples include the enzymes lactase and pepsin. Lactase breaks down the sugar lactose found in milk. Pepsin is a digestive enzyme that works in the stomach.
  • Hormonal Proteins– are messenger proteins that help to coordinate certain bodily activities. Examples include insulin and oxytocin. Insulin, a small protein, is an example of a hormone that regulates blood sugar. Oxytocin stimulates contractions in females during childbirth. Secretin is another example of a protein hormone. This substance assists in the digestive process by stimulating the pancreas and the intestine to create necessary digestive juices
  • Repair and Maintenance Protein is termed the building block of the body. It is called this because protein is vital in the maintenance of body tissue, including development and repair. Hair, skin, eyes, muscles, and organs are all made from protein. This is why children need more protein per pound of bodyweight than adults; they are growing and developing new protein tissue
  • Antibodies Protein forms antibodies that help prevent infection, illness, and disease. These proteins identify and assist in destroying antigens such as bacteria and viruses. For example, these antibodies identify and then surround antigens in order to keep them contained until they can be destroyed by white blood cells.
  • Transportation and Storage of Molecules Protein is a major element in the transportation of certain molecules. These are carrier proteins that move molecules from one place to another around the body. Examples include hemoglobin and cytochromes. Hemoglobin transports oxygen through the blood via red blood cells. Cytochromes operate in the electron transport chain as electron carrier proteins.

       Vegetables Highest in Protein:

Vegetables Protein   (Per 100g)
Soybean Sprouts 13.1g
Peas 5.4g
Mushrooms 3.6g
Spinach (Cooked) 3g
Broccoli 2.8g
Cauliflower 1.9g

     Fruits Highest in Protein:

Fruits Protein (Per 100g)
Guavas 2.6g
Pomegranate 1.7g
Apricots 1.4g
Blackberries 1.4g
Kiwi fruit 1.2g
Bananas 1.1g
Oranges 1g

Dry fruits High in Protein:

Dry fruits Protein (Per 100g)
Pumpkin Seeds 29g
Peanuts 24g
Pistachios 21g
Almonds 21g
Cashews 15g
Walnuts 15g
Dried Coconut 7g

Grains High in Protein:

Grains (Daal) Protein (Per 100g)
Soya bean 43g
Masur 25g
Moong daal 24g
Moong (green) 24g
Udad dal 24g
Matki (Moth beans) 23.5g
Rajma 23g
Chana daal 21g
Peas (Dry) 19.5g
Chana 17g
Wheat 11.5g
Bajra 11.5g
Maize 11g
Maida 11g

 

Disclaimer the information does not constitute advice and makes it clear that the accuracy of the information is not guaranteed. Further, users are advised to seek professional medical assistance in the event that they are suffering from any medical problem.

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