Protein is one of the important parts of human body. Protein has a large number of functions in the human body Therefore it is an essential substance found in every cell of human body. Proteins are constructed from a set of twenty amino acids linked to form polypeptide chains. Polypeptide chains that form distinct 3-dimensional shapes constitute a protein Protein is the most abundant substance in our body and in fact, the human body is about 40-44% protein
This protein is manufactured by our body utilizing the dietary protein we consume. It’s an essential macromolecule without which our bodies would be unable to repair, regulate, or protect themselves also It is used in many vital processes and thus needs to be consistently replaced We can achieve this by regularly consuming foods that contain protein.
Here are the top 5 functions of proteins in the human body:
- Enzymes– are proteins that facilitate biochemical reactions. Enzymes are proteins that increase the rate of chemical reactions in the body. In fact, most of the necessary chemical reactions in the body would not efficiently proceed without enzymes They are often referred to as catalysts because they speed up chemical reactions. Examples include the enzymes lactase and pepsin. Lactase breaks down the sugar lactose found in milk. Pepsin is a digestive enzyme that works in the stomach.
- Hormonal Proteins– are messenger proteins which help to coordinate certain bodily activities. Examples include insulin and oxytocin. Insulin, a small protein, is an example of a hormone that regulates blood sugar. Oxytocin stimulates contractions in females during childbirth. Secretin is another example of a protein hormone. This substance assists in the digestive process by stimulating the pancreas and the intestine to create necessary digestive juices
- Repair and Maintenance Protein is termed the building block of the body. It is called this because protein is vital in the maintenance of body tissue, including development and repair. Hair, skin, eyes, muscles and organs are all made from protein. This is why children need more protein per pound of body weight than adults; they are growing and developing new protein tissue
- Antibodies Protein forms antibodies that help prevent infection, illness, and disease. These proteins identify and assist in destroying antigens such as bacteria and viruses. For example, these antibodies identify and then surround antigens in order to keep them contained until they can be destroyed by white blood cells.
- Transportation and Storage of Molecules Protein is a major element in the transportation of certain molecules. These are carrier proteins which move molecules from one place to another around the body. Examples include hemoglobin and cytochromes. Hemoglobin transports oxygen through the blood via red blood cells. Cytochromes operate in the electron transport chain as electron carrier proteins.
Vegetables Highest in Protein:
|Vegetables||Protein (Per 100g)|
Fruits Highest in Protein:
|Fruits||Protein (Per 100g)|
Dry fruits High in Protein:
|Dry fruits||Protein (Per 100g)|
Grains High in Protein:
|Grains (Daal)||Protein (Per 100g)|
|Matki (Moth beans)||23.5g|
Disclaimer the information does not constitute advice and makes it clear that the accuracy of the information is not guaranteed. Further, users are advised to seek professional medical assistance in the event that they are suffering from any medical problem.